Resources that Give Support to ELLs


Resources that Support English Language Learners- This blog post describes 4 strategies that are known to work with ELLs. Plus, examples of each are provided. Links to freebies, too!

English language learners have always held a special place in my teaching heart. Perhaps it's because my own grandfather, orphaned at the age of 9, immigrated to the United Stated without knowing a single word of English. My grandfather passed away when I was in high school, so unfortunately I cannot ask him about his experiences as an ELL in America. Whenever I meet a newly-arrived ELL, however, I think of my grandfather as a 9-year-old, and try to be the most compassionate teacher possible... the type of teacher I hope my grandfather had when he arrived to the United States.

When I plan lessons with my ELLs in mind, I focus on these two words: comprehensible input. Comprehensible input means that students can understand the information that is being presented to them, even if they don't understand every word in isolation. Therefore, comprehensible input does not rely on teacher talk alone, but almost always provides visual supports to accompany the teacher talk. When teachers use some sort of visual support as they are talking, ELLs are able to grasp concepts even though they might not understand every single word that the teacher said. Today I'm going to share examples of resoures that provide comprehensible input, and explain why they work with ELLs at certain levels.

#1- USE OF VISUALS

Which ELL levels do visuals benefit? They benefit all ELL levels, but especially Level 1 students.
When visuals are used, even students with very little English vocabulary can participate in activities. Let's use my nonfiction text feature foldable as an example. As you can see, a visual example is provided with each text feature presented. If you are leading your students in a nonfiction text feature scavenger hunt where students are perusing books trying to track down examples of each text feature, ELLs who have access to this visual-filled foldable can refer to it as needed, allowing them to participate fully in the activity.
Nonfiction Text Feature Foldable- An example of an ELL-friendly activity

#2- USE OF GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS

Which ELL levels do graphic organizers benefit? They especially benefit intermediate ELLs.
Graphic organizers help ELLs because they present written information in a visual format. When ELLs can see information presented in an organized and predictable fashion, their ability to comprehend the information increases signficantly. For example, when I teach students about informational text structures (which is a notoriously difficult concept for many upper elementary students), I rely heavily on graphic organizers. My PowerPoint, flipbook, worksheets, and craftivity all utilize the same graphic organizers.
Nonfiction Text Structure Craftivity- Nonfiction Text Feature Foldable- An example of an ELL-friendly activity that uses graphic organizers!


#3- USE OF STUDENT-FRIENDLY ANALOGIES

Which ELL levels do analogies benefit? They especially benefit intermediate ELLs.
When you think for a moment of the many academic terms being mentioned to ELLs during one school day, it's easy to understand why ELLs can become confused, and why long-term retention can be a struggle for many ELLs. In 2012, I created my first craftivity in an effort to help my students retain what they had just learned about author's purpose. I was co-teaching in a 5th grade classroom, and the students (both ELL and non-ELL) loved doing this activity. Best of all, I found that it was super effective in helping my students remember the five types of author's purpose long after the unit had been completed. So began my love affair with craftivities as effective teaching tools! It was hard to select just two, but I managed to choose two favorites to show you.
Main Idea Craftivity- An example of an ELL-friendly activity that uses a student-friendly analogy to boost comprehension and retention!
Using the ice cream cone analogy to teach main idea (shown on the cone) & supporting details (listed on the scoops of ice cream) provided my students with a concrete memory to attach to a somewhat-abstract academic term. To complete this activity, students had to match each detail scoop to the correct cone, and then glue everything together.
Themes in Literature Craftivity- An example of an ELL-friendly activity that uses a student-friendly analogy to boost comprehension and retention!
Before creating this craftivity, when I would ask students what the theme of the story was, a handful of students would stare at me blankly... even though we had covered the topic in-depth. After creating and completing this craftivity, though, that never happened again. I believe doing this theme-filled cupcake craftivity helped my students remember that theme refers to the hidden message of the story, just as creme is hidden within a creme-filled cupcake!

#4- Use of Cooperative Learning or Partner Activities

Which ELL levels do partner activities benefit? They benefit all ELLs, but for different reasons.
If you are lucky enough to have another student in the class who speaks the same language as a newly-arrived ELL, cooperative learning activities can be valuable because the one student can translate and/or clarify for the newly-arrived ELL. Cooperative learning activities are also powerful for intermediate ELLs. Many ELLs feel uncomfortable speaking up in front of the entire class, but a smaller group often seems less intimidating. In order to become fully proficient in a language, students need to be given opportunities to USE the academic language they are learning, and this is often best accomplished through a small group or partner activity.

My favorite resources to meet this need are my partner plays because they target so many skills. First of all, their primary purpose is to help build reading fluency. Since students are reading with one other person, they rarely get nervous about reading aloud, and they have plenty of opportunities to read and improve their fluency. Also, they feel comfortable asking their partner questions if they don't understand a word or phrase. After they are finished reading the play, the partners can often complete a follow-up comprehension worksheet together, allowing them many opportunities to converse while using academic vocabulary. (Note: Some of my 2nd/3rd grade sets do not include follow-up questions. Students can use this free set of questions with those scripts that don't yet contain follow-up questions.)
Partner Play Scripts- An example of an ELL-friendly activity that focuses on fluency and discussion.
This particular set also features the added bonus of integrating science content! When discussing answers, students have an opportunity to use academic science vocabulary.


If you'd like to try out a partner play and/or craftivity for FREE, click on the following images:
FREE Partner Plays to improve fluency! Scripts for 2nd through 5th grade students!  FREE Adjective and Adverb Craftivity


Feel free to check out my related Pinterest board full of other resources that give!

I'd love to hear any ideas you have for creating comprehensible input for your ELLs. Please comment below. Thanks for stopping by!

Resources that Support English Language Learners- This blog post describes 4 strategies that are known to work with ELLs. Plus, examples of each are provided. Links to freebies, too!

  

Notice and Note Signposts: FREE task cards with passages!

A few months ago, a teacher wrote to me and asked me to consider creating Notice and Note task cards. She said that her entire school district would be implementing these strategies this year. Because I was already intrigued by these signposts (ever since I ran across some photos on Pinterest!), this email provided the incentive I needed to finally order and read the book, Notice and Note: Strategies for Close Reading by Kylene Beers and Robert E. Probst.
FREE Notice and Note Posters and Task Cards! This blog post includes resources and passages to supplement the strategies outlined in the book Notice and Note by Beers and Probst.

In researching this project, Beers and Probst read and reread 50 of the most commonly taught novels in grades 4-10, looking for signposts- certain features that occurred in nearly every book across all fiction genres. The six features they identified are showcased in these free posters:
Contrasts and Contradictions- This blog post includes 6 free signpost posters and 12 passages!Aha Moment- This blog post includes 6 free signpost posters and 12 passages!Tough Questions- This blog post includes 6 free signpost posters and 12 passages!

Words of the Wiser- This blog post includes 6 free signpost posters and 12 passages!Again and Again- This blog post includes 6 free signpost posters and 12 passages!
After the signposts were identified, the authors crafted anchor questions that students could ask themselves once they spotted a signpost. These open-ended questions (listed at the bottom of my posters) require deep thinking, and they often call for students to dive back into the text to find evidence that justifies their answers.

Are you interested in introducing your students to these signposts and anchor questions? I highly recommend you read the book! In my opinion, it is well worth the money, as it contains 6 well-crafted classroom-tested lessons that you can use to introduce the signposts to your students! Beyond that, it was a very enjoyable read, and it even includes a 70-page appendix full of supplemental materials like reading logs, bookmarks, signpost printables, and book excerpts! Just click on this image (which includes an Amazon affiliate link) to check out the book.
Notice and Note by Beers and Probst: This blog post contains free supplemental materials to accompany these strategies!

After finishing the book, I created the following task cards. Just click on the image below to download them! My intention is for these task cards to be used as a review activity after all of the signposts have been individually introduced.

FREE Notice and Note Posters and Task Cards with reading passages! This blog post includes resources and passages to supplement the strategies outlined in the book Notice and Note by Beers and Probst.

This task card set contains 12 passages arranged as the task card shown above. Each passage is followed by a 2-part question. For Part A, students are required to identify the signpost that was featured in the passage. For Part B, students are charged with answering the anchor question that accompanies the signpost that they identified. (In their book, Beers and Probst stress that the anchor questions should become internalized, so that students are asking themselves the questions, rather than the teacher asking the anchor chart questions to the students. Therefore, I didn't include the anchor question in the Part B task. Besides that, it would give away the answer to Part A!)

I included an answer sheet, but please remember that the answers shown are only possible answers. As long as students write a plausible answer that refers back to the text, I will accept it as correct. Also notice that for certain passages, students might identify a different signpost. For example, for Task Card 7, I believe that "Words of the Wiser" is clearly the featured signpost. However, I realize that some students might identify it as a "Memory Moment". If this happens, I plan to tell these students that I know a memory is mentioned in this passage, but that another signpost is featured a bit more prominently, and I would ask them to reread the passage to see if they could determine which other signpost is featured.
FREE Notice and Note Posters and Task Cards with reading passages! This blog post includes resources and passages to supplement the strategies outlined in the book Notice and Note by Beers and Probst.

I hope you and your students are able to use these supplemental Notice and Note resources!
FREE Notice and Note Posters and Task Cards! This blog post includes resources and passages to supplement the strategies outlined in the book Notice and Note by Beers and Probst.

Thanks for stopping by!